• Posted On: Sep 20, 2021
  • Posted By: Admin

Children and adults are treated with Nitrazepam when they have seizures, especially absence seizures and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. Adults with panic disorders (including agoraphobia) are treated with Nitrazepam.

Important Facts

  • Nitrazepam works by boosting the calming substance in the brain. It can help to calm nerves, avoid seizures, and relax tight muscles.
  • Drowsiness during the day is the most common side effect.
  • If you take Nitrazepam for a short period, it is unlikely to induce addiction (2 to 4 weeks).
  • You must gradually reduce the dose of Nitrazepam if you've been taking it for more than 2 to 4 weeks.
  • When taking Nitrazepam, avoid drinking alcohol. There's a chance you'll fall asleep too deeply and struggle to stay awake.

Who Can and Cannot Take Nitrazepam?

Adults 18 years of age and older can take Nitrazepam tablets. It can be used to treat epilepsy in children as young as one month old. It isn't appropriate for everyone.

The usual dosage for:

Epilepsy in adults - 1mg taken at night is the starting dose (increased to 4mg to 8 mg over 2 to 4 weeks)

Epilepsy in children - depending on their age, the dosage changes. This will be gradually raised over the next 2 to 4 weeks.

Involuntary muscle cramps (adults) - The first dose is 1mg, which is taken at night (increased to 4mg to 8 mg over 2 to 4 weeks)

Panic disorder - 1mg to 2mg daily

Restless legs syndrome - 500 mg to 2mg daily

You may take a lower dose if you are over 65 years old or have severe renal, liver, or lung problems.

You should take nitrazepam pills with water. It is possible to take the tablets with or without food.


Nitrazepam can cause your breathing to slow or halt, especially if you've recently taken an opioid, drank alcohol, or taken other drugs that slow your breathing.

Abuse of Nitrazepam can lead to addiction, overdose, or death. Keep the medicine in a secure location where others will not be able to get it. Never give someone else Nitrazepam. It is against the law to sell or give this medicine away.

Some people get suicidal thoughts while using Nitrazepam. Be on the lookout for any changes in your mood or symptoms. Symptoms that are new or worsening should be reported to your doctor.

If you suddenly stop taking this medicine, you may experience more seizures or severe withdrawal symptoms.

Before Taking This Medicine

Nitrazepam should not be used if you have any of the following conditions:

  • severe liver disease;
  • narrow-angle glaucoma; or
  • History of any adverse response to any benzodiazepine.

If you're not sure if this medication is good for you, inform your doctor if you've ever had it.

  • kidney or liver disease;
  • shortness of breath;
  • Suicidal thoughts, mood problems, or depression or behavior; Or
  • Porphyria.

While taking seizure medication, some patients have suicidal thoughts.

If you use Nitrazepam while pregnant, your kid may become addicted to it. It may cause life-threatening withdrawal symptoms in the newborn after birth. Babies who are born addicted to a habit-forming medicine may need medical attention for several weeks.

You should not give this medication to a child unless a doctor has been consulted. Nitrazepam is not licensed for the treatment of panic disorder in those under the age of 18.

How Should You Take Nitrazepam?

Read and carefully follow the directions for using the medicine that came with it.

  • Regular medical testing will be required.
  • Even if you feel fine, do not abruptly stop taking Nitrazepam. More seizures or unpleasant withdrawal symptoms may occur if you quit suddenly.
  • With a glass of water, swallow the standard pill whole.
  • In children, the dosage of Nitrazepam is determined by their weight. If your child gains or loses weight, their dosage requirements may change.
  • When you're ready to use an orally disintegrating tablet, remove it from the package. Chew the tablet until it melts in your mouth. Swallow the tablet several times as it dissolves.

Seizures are frequently treated using a combination of drugs. Follow your doctor's instructions for all medications. A Medication Guide or patient instructions are included with each medicine. Do not alter your medicine dosage or regimen.

Keep away from moisture, heat, and light at room temperature. If someone is misusing it or using it without a prescription, you should be aware.

What Happens If You Miss A Dose?

Take the drug as soon as possible, but if your next dose is skipped, avoid the missed dose. Take no more than one dose at a time. Extreme sleepiness, drowsiness, muscular weakness, or coma are all possible overdose symptoms.

What To Avoid?

It is not advisable to consume alcohol. As a result of the side effects, you may become sick or die. Avoid driving or engaging in harmful activities until you better understand how Nitrazepam will impact you. Falls, accidents, and major injuries can occur as a result of dizziness or drowsiness.

Side Effects of Nitrazepam

If you develop hives, shortness of breath, or swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat due to an allergic response to Nitrazepam, seek immediate medical attention.

Nitrazepam can cause your breathing to slow or halt, especially if you've recently taken an opiate, drank alcohol, or taken other drugs that slow your breathing. If you have weak or shallow breathing, have trouble staying awake, or have stopped breathing, the person caring for you should seek immediate medical attention.

Any new or weakening indications, for example, temper or behavior changes, uneasiness, sleep problems, panic attacks, or you become irritable, agitated, impulsive, aggressive, hostile, restless, hyperactive (psychotic or physically), get more depressed, or have suicidal or self-harming thoughts, should be reported to your doctor.

If you experience any of the symptoms listed below, contact your doctor right away.

  • Severe drowsiness;
  • New or worsening seizures;
  • Unusual changes in mood or behavior;
  • Breathing problems;
  • Nightmares, hallucinations;
  • Suicidal or self-harming thoughts;
  • Abnormal or involuntary eye movements

Accidental falls are common in elderly patients taking a benzodiazepine. While taking this medication, use caution to avoid a fall or accidental injury.

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